on Import of Dairy Products Removed
in India will now have a wider variety with the full-scale
dismantling of the remaining import curbs at one stroke in
the Export-Import (Exim) Policy for 2001-02 announced by the
Government of India on March 31, 2001. It signals the domestic
industry to shape up or ship out as they will have to compete
with global players.
Quantitative restrictions (QRs) have been removed on the import
of baby food, SMP, WMP, butter, dairy spreads, ghee, fresh
and other cheeses, including processed cheese. These dairy
products are among the 715 items on which QRs has been lifted.
In addition, import of second-hand capital goods, including
equipment, that are less than ten years old will be allowed
without obtaining any licence.
The range of basic import duty on the dairy products listed
is from 35 to 60 per cent (which can be raised to 120 per
cent bound rate duty, if necessary). Any amount of butter
and cheese can now be imported on payment of the prescribed
The Exim Policy has also made it clear that all imported edible/food
products would have to meet the conditions of the Prevention
of Food Adulteration Act, 1954 and Rules, 1955 which are currently
applicable to products that are manufactured and sold in India.
They lay down the definitions and standards of quality for
all food commodities. Some of the PFA regulations also deal
with labelling requirement, the use of permitted natural and
synthetic colours and flavouring agents. It is also mandatory
to print the "best before date" along with the month
and year. The Act also provides for sampling, inspection and
confiscation of food items, along with prescribed penalties
for violation. Compliance with these conditions is to be ensured
before allowing Customs clearance of the consignment.
Also, all farm commodities and food items will also have to
meet the Indian regulations covering health and hygiene. In
addition, India's Ministry of Agriculture will issue a bio-safety
and SPS (Sanitary and Phyto-Sanitary) permit that will have
to be produced before the Customs Officer.
A Standing Group comprising Secretaries of Ministries of Commerce,
Revenue, SSI & ARI, Animal Husbandry and Dairying and
DGFT would function as a 'war-room' for tracking, collating
and analysing data on some 300 "sensitive items of importance
to the public". These include dairy products. Every month,
the Government would publish a monthly statement about import-status
of these items.
The removal of QRs, however, would not leave the Government
of India completely exposed. It would still retain three options
- import duties, anti-dumping steps and safeguard measures.
In the event of unfair trade practices like dumping or subsidization
of exports by other countries that may cause injury to the
domestic industry, protection under safeguard provisions like
the enhancement of import duty, re-imposing of QRs as per
WTO regulation, etc, will be available.
The new Exim Policy also places emphasis on promotion of agricultural
exports including an appropriate agricultural export policy
and launch of Agri Economic Zones, besides extending the Exim
schemes such as the Duty Exemption Scheme and the Export Promotion
Capital Goods Scheme (EPCG) to the agro sector as well. Yet
another step is the Market Access Initiative to underpin industry
in R&D, market research, specific market and products
studies, warehousing and retail marketing infrastructure in
select countries and direct market promotion activity and
For any specific details, please write to: news@IndiaDairy.com
Indian Milk Products Export Regulation Order
Government of India has notified an order for regulating the
exports of milk products from India that calls for subjecting
them to quality control inspection prior to their export.
These rules aim to help develop India's dairy export. It takes
into account the demands and requirements of the world dairy
market with the regard to such factors as quality, health
requirements, management practices and processing norms.
comprehensive order bears the title of "Exports of Milk
Products (Quality Control, Inspection and Monitoring) Rules
2000" and has come into effect last month from December
covers animal health, hygiene in milking production, collection,
storage and transportation. It also specifies levels of residues
permissible in milk products, microbiological criteria for
milk products, packaging, marketing and labelling, storage
and transportation requirements, as well as management of
herds and dairy plant, employee hygiene and the like.
also mark an important step in upgrading the dairy trade within
India and bringing about quality consciousness at all levels
of dairying -- from producer to the consumer.
Jachnik, new President of IDF
NDDB plans three fold rise in milk procurement
National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) has drawn up a blueprint
for strengthening the cooperative dairy sector. Perspective
2010, as the plan is called, envisaged that milk procurement
by cooperatives will increase from the current level of 5.75
million tonnes to 17.8 million tonnes by 2010. The number
of dairy cooperative societies will increase from 84,289 to
1,29,480 while membership will increase from 10.62 million
to 15.62 million. Milk marketing is expected to rise from
the current 4.7 million tonnes to 14 million tonnes.
According to the NDDB Annual Report for 1999-2000 released
recently, Perspective 2010 was prepared after NDDB carried
out extensive planning exercises with milk cooperative unions
and federations across the country. It emphasizes four thrust
areas: Strengthening the Cooperative Framework, Productivity
Enhancement, Quality and Plant Management and National Information
Thirty-four projects valued at around Rs 2,900 million are
currently under execution. In the pipeline are a further 150
projects ranging from expansion of existing processing facilities
to setting up of major new dairy plants.
The NDDB Board has already approved the revised lending terms
of Perspective 2010. While loans at a very reasonable interest
rate are available for building processing capacities, activities
related to human resource development, productivity enhancement,
quality control and building a national information network
will be funded as interest free loans and/or with matching
Currently, research in animal breeding, genetics, nutrition
and health are being carried out by the Productivity Enhancement
Group. It continued to support the efforts of the cooperatives
in enhancing milk production. The Quality Assurance Group
worked with cooperatives and unions to identify and address
key stages in the quality process, confirming that significant
gains can be achieved. Accordingly, 90 per cent of the milk
reaching consumers from the cooperatives will be from ISO
Certified dairy plants by the year 2010.
The National Information Network Group has initiated development
of software and hardware that will link village cooperatives,
unions and federations with the NDDB. It has also conducted
a number of baseline studies in key milksheds. All cooperative
unions will be linked to and through an internet Dairy Information
System. About 75 per cent of the unions will use computerised
data processing in all major functional areas.
The Perspective 2010 targets call for increased geographical
spread, organization of new cooperatives and strengthening
of old ones, expanded services and enhanced market.
The 45 cooperative feed plants affiliated to various unions
also produced 1.4 million tonnes of cattle feed in 1999-2000,
thereby meeting about 50 per cent of the country's supply.
It is targetted to increase the daily cattle feed production
from 4,066 tonnes to 8,628 tonnes by 2010.
Even though the goals are challenging, NDDB's partnership
with federations and unions is well placed to spearhead, a
thrust of this magnitude. However, achievement of these objectives
will depend in part on an environment where cooperatives can
function in a competitive, liberalized economy with the same
autonomy and accountability as other forms of enterprise.
Also important to success will be favourable trade policies,
climatic conditions and the availability of human and material
Thirty six years after NDDB's founding, a nationwide network
of dairy cooperatives serves more than 10 million farmers
in over 80,000 villages. More than Rs 50,000 million flows
back to the milk producers through their cooperatives each
At the World Dairy Summit 2000 held in Dresden
(Germany) from 16-20 September 2000, Philippe Jachnik, Head
of Professional and International Relations at the French
Dairy Processors' Association (ATLA), was elected unanimously
to a four year term as President of the International Dairy
Jachnik succeeds Jerry Kozak, CEO or the American National
Milk Producers Federation (NMPF), who was elected in 1996
in Johannesburg. During his Presidency, the IDF's structures
and methods of work were profoundly altered and modernized
in the context of a Strategic Plan implemented in 1999.
Jachnik, 51 years old, joined the dairy sector in 1980 when
he became Secretary of the European Dairy Association (EDA,
which was called Assilec at the time) for a five year period.
He was then employed by the FNCL (French Dairy Cooperatives)
where he became the Deputy Director, before being taken on at
ATLA when it was founded early in the 1990's.
Mastering several languages, Philippe Jachnik, MBA Insead 1979,
has done graduate and post-graduate studies in France (IEP Strasbourg),
Belgium (College of Europe, Bruges) and Sweden (International
Graduate School, Stockholm).
In the nearly 100 years of its existence (the IDF was founded
in 1903), this is the second time that a Frenchman has been
elected to the office of President. The first time was from
1959 to 1964 when Andre-Marie Guerault, Vice-President of the
FNIL (Federation des Industriels Laitiers frangais -- French
Dairy Industry Federation -- which, with the FNCL (Federation
des Cooperatives Laitieres -- French Dairy Cooperatives Federation)
founded ATLA in the early 1990's.
The IDF's mission is to promote and enhance the image, trade,
production and consumption of milk and milk products worldwide
by collecting and disseminating scientific, technical and economic
information and providing a platform for meaningful exchange
of professional knowledge and discussion.
The IDF takes up issues that are of priority importance to its
41 National Committees and to the dairy sector. It aims at:
the foremost point of contact for dairy matters worldwide.
credible, quality service to all our audiences in a timely
publishes a Bulletin and organizes a range of Conferences
or Symposia. Currently, it is in the process of setting up
a comprehensive Intranet (which will be developed further
into an Extranet).
The IDF cooperates with numerous international structures
and organizations, including the Codex Alimentarius, arising
from the FAO (Rome) and the WHO (Geneva).
information about IDF, kindly visit:
MoU on dairy development
Union Cabinet has given its approval to the memorandum of
understanding (MoU) signed between India's National Dairy
Development Board (NDDB) and the Zambian government for increasing
cooperation in the field of development of dairy products.
MoU seeks to encourage cooperation in the field of dairy science
and technology with the objective of increasing dairy production.
The objective would be achieved through engagement of joint
activities in the areas of dairy development including milk
production, procurement, processing, marketing, biotechnology
and management of dairy cooperatives.
Says Cheese to the Cyber World
Anand-based Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation
Ltd (GCMMF), India's largest food products marketing organization,
has embarked upon a major e-marketing plan with a focus on
increasing its sales and customer reach in India. The plan
envisages formation of new Amul Icecream Cyberstores in 100
cities, launch of Amul Cyber clubs in 125 cities, and create
four global e-commerce hubs in US, Dubai, India and Singapore.
In addition, it will also upgrade gifting services and to
evolve the Amul family site as a customized portal for kids,
teens and homemakers. GCMMF has already launched Amul Cyberstore
in USA in March 1999 and similar cyberstore in India in June
1999. It has launched www.AmulMail.com in September 1999.
Productivity Awards for Dairies
Hon'ble Vice-President of India, Mr Krishan Kant, presented
awards to Mother Dairy (Delhi), Gokul Dairy (Kolhapur), Baroda
Dairy (Baroda) and TIMUL (Muzaffarpur) at the recent 15th
National Productivity Awards function held in New Delhi.
Mother Dairy, Delhi has won the Best Productivity Award (1997-98)
third time in a row in the dairy and development production
sector. Kolhapur Zilla Sahakari Dudh Utpadak Sangh Ltd (Gokul
Dairy), Kolhapur, Maharashtra, has won the Certificate of
Merit (1997-98), 13th award in succession, in the category
of animal feed processing industry. The Baroda District Cooperative
Milk Producers Union Ltd, Baroda, Gujarat, received the award
for the Best Dairy Products Unit. The Tirhut Dugdh Utpadak
Sahakari Sangh Ltd (TIMUL), Muzaffarpur, Bihar, was given
the Best Productivity Award (1998-99) in the category of dairy
processing industry and the Certificate of Merit (1997-98)
in dairy development and production sector.
in strategic alliance with CAMPCO
Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (GCMMF)
is finalizing a deal with the Rs 200-crore Mangalore-based
CAMPCO Ltd, a cooperative of arecanut farmers in Karnataka
and Kerala (South India). The strategic alliance will give
GCMMF access to an additional 3,000 tonnes of cocoa beans
and enable it to expand its chocolate business, tripling its
current capacity of 1,500 tonnes. The move marks a comeback
for GCMMF's Amul brand chocolates after it was edged out of
reckoning by competitors Nestle and Cadbury with aggressive
product launches and promotions. Post-tieup, the company intends
to come out with a wider range, more flavours and better quality
of chocolates -- with the Amul name.
ties-up with Vijaya for UHT Milk
Agro Limited (KAL), Calcutta, the joint venture partner of
India's National Dairy Development Board in Metro Dairy Ltd,
Calcutta, has tied up with the Andhra Pradesh Dairy Development
Cooperative Federation Ltd (Vijaya), Hyderabad, to foray into
the UHT milk in Tetra Pak. For the century-old company, which
pioneered the speciality food chains and dairy products in
India, it is a second time foray into the segment. The company
has tied up with Vijaya for launching the 100 per cent pure
UHT milk and plans to set up its own plant in Calcutta in
Lever Ltd sets up softy kiosks
Lever Ltd (HLL) will mark its entry into the softy ice cream
segment by setting up softy kiosks in all major metros of
India starting with Chennai (Madras). Traditionally, the domain
of small time restaurants and independent outlets, the concept
of branding was largely absent in the softy segment. HLL Kwality
Wall's will be the first national player to offer softy at
Rs 5 per cone. Through its softy business, HLL seeks to double
the size of the organized ice cream market in India in a couple
of years. This market is currently valued at Rs 10,000 million.
Nestor's to set up two dairy farms in West Bengal
Nestor's Industries Ltd (BNIL), a 51:49 per cent joint venture
between Purusottam Jalan and West Bengal Industrial Development
Corporation (WBIDC), will set up two dairy-cum-model farms
in West Bengal in Eastern India. The total capital outlay
for both projects is estimated at Rs 300 million. The first
such farm is at Aushgram in Bardhaman District of West Bengal.
The second project at Panskura in Midnapore district is expected
to come up by the end of 2001.
Blue Bunny unveils ice-cream range
US-based $600 million Wells Blue Bunny, a leading ice-cream
manufacturer has announced its plans to launch its product
range in India's western and southern markets. After test-marketing
the range in New Delhi, the company has now launched its new
range of frozen desserts and ice-creams in Mumbai (Bombay).
Sno Shack Frozen Foods, the marketing partner of Blue Bunny,
has plans to import over 25 varieties of exotic novelties,
frozen desserts and diet special ice-creams of Blue Bunny
into India. It is targeted at the premium segment with the
price ranging between Rs 20 for an ice-candy and Rs 450 for
half-gallon (1.89 litres). The cups are available at Rs 30
for a 118-ml of serving.
Chadha, new Chairman of CLFMA
R C Chadha, Chairman & Managing Director of Poshak Feeds Pvt
Ltd, Hyderabad, was unanimously elected as the Chairman of
CLFMA for the year 2000-2001 at the recent 33rd Annual General
Body Meeting of the CLFMA (Compound Livestock Feed Manufacturers'
Association of India) held in Pune. Dr K Srinivasan, General
Manager (R&D) of Goldmohur Foods & Feeds Ltd, Bangalore (100%
subsidiary of Hindustan Lever Ltd); and, Dr Sanjay Dronawat,
Director of Yarana Feeds & Farms, Hubli (Karnataka) were elected
unanimously as the Deputy Chairmen of CLFMA. At the first
meeting of the newly elected Managing
Committee, Mr C Vasanthkumar, Managing Director of Komarla
Feeds & Foods Pvt Ltd, Miraj (Maharashtra), was elected unanimously
as the Honorary Secretary to CLFMA. Dr S V Vaidya, the retiring
Chairman of CLFMA & Chief Executive, Agro Division of Nav
Maharashtra Chakan Oil Mills Ltd would be the Ex-Officio member
of the Managing Committee.
National Symposium of CLFMA
Compound Livestock Feed Manufacturer's Association of India
(CLFMA), the Indian feed manufacturers' representative body,
organized its 42nd National Symposium on "Global Trends in
Animal Nutritional Technologies" on September 16, 2000 in
Pune, Maharashtra State of Western India.
Symposium had two technical sessions. The first session was
chaired by Dr B V Rajmane. Three speakers from India and abroad
made presentations -- Dr Rangesh Paramesh, Medical Advisor
(R&D Centre), The Himalaya Drug Co, Bangalore, on "Role of
Herbs in Animal Nutrition"; Dr Roelof Raterink, Director (Research
& Technology), Provimi Holding, Brussels, Belgium, on "Animal
Nutrition in the Twenty-First Century"; and, Dr Naheeda Khan,
Marketing Manager (Feed Enzymes), Novo Nordisk Enzymes Ltd,
Bagsvaerd, Denmark on "Recent Developments in the Use of Enzymes
in Animal Feeds".
second technical session was chaired by Dr P A Deore. The
three speakers who made presentations at this Session were:
Dr Friedhelm Brinkhaus, Manager (Research & Ops), Kemin Bio-Technology
Inc, Iowa, USA on "Sourcing and Application of Genetic Material
for Animal Nutrition"; Dr Isabelle Brongniart, Nutritionist,
Guyomrch Nutrition Animale, France; and, Dr Royce A Samford,
Agricultural Consultant (Animal Nutrition), USA on "Current
Trends in Indian Livestock Nutrition and Management".
were very active, thought-provoking and prolonged deliberations
by participants at the two technical sessions, which provided
ample scope for sharing of knowledge and information.
Cans enters bulk milk cooler market
Kothari Cans & Allied Products Pvt Ltd, India's largest manufacturer
of aluminium alloy milk cans, has entered the bulk milk cooler
market through a tie-up with FIC SpA of Italy.
Jalgaon (Maharashtra)-based company is already marketing bulk
coolers in the country under the `frigomilk' brand. A wide
range of capacities from 100 litres to 14,000 litres are being
offered. The cooler tanks come in vertical open-type, horizontal
open-type as well as cylindrical closed tank type designs.
Presently, only the condensers are being fabricated here and
the entire stainless steel tank is being imported from Italy.
A separate joint venture company with FIC SpA will be set
up in early 2001 for manufacturing the seamless tanks in India.
The bulk milk cooler segment already has major players such
as DeLaval Ltd (formerly Alfa Laval Agri (India), Pune; Indo
Stainless Fabtech Pvt Ltd, Chennai; Praj Industries Ltd, Pune;
and, Westfalia Separator India Pvt Ltd, New Delhi.
a Rs 150-million turnover, KKCAP currently has a 60 per cent
share in the domestic milk can market. It has recently begun
manufacturing stainless steel milk cans, with capacities ranging
from 5 to 50 litres. The company also plans to soon enter
the production of automatic milking machines, to complement
its existing milk can and bulk cooler business.
on Indian Milk Products
specialists and organizations in the public, cooperative and
private sectors in India and abroad engaged in the scientific
production of traditional milk products are invited to document
their experience for publication in the forthcoming reference
book on the Technology of Indian Milk Products, now being
readied for the press.
and other significant aspects of traditional milk products
by way of information on products, equipment/processes developed
may also be sent for inclusion in the reference book. A Who's
Who section in it will publish profile and achievements of
leading dairy players. The type of information we are seeking
includes the following:
Technical and economic characteristic of ethnic dairy products,
including its composition, origin, uses and the size and share
Process details of upgraded technology in use;
(c) Development/adaptation of new ethnic products, equipment,
packaging, quality control, etc;
(d) List of dairy units in India and abroad engaged in the
production of ethnic dairy products like ghee, kheer (milk-rice
pudding) and other traditional dairy desserts and other sweets.
Their production may be in addition to other products like
liquid milk, cheese, butter, etc; and,
A list of centres where R&D work in this field is being carried
out, with their address and the name of scientist-in-charge.
reference compendium aims to serve as a practical guide to
recommended manufacturing practices, benefitting dairy producers,
extension workers, professionals and entrepreneurs as well
as a reference book for R & D scientists, students and scholars.
compilation work on the reference book was started in 1997
at the initiative of a group of senior dairy professionals
headed by Dr R.P. Aneja, a noted international dairy consultant
and formerly Managing Director, National Dairy Development
Board (NDDB). Its other four co-authors are: Dr B.N. Mathur,
Director, National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI), Karnal;
Dr R.C. Chandan, President, Global Technologies, Inc, Min,
USA; Mr A.K. Banerjee, formerly Director (Engineering), NDDB;
and, Prof L.K. Vaswani, Institute of Rural Management (IRMA),
details can be had from: The Editor, Technology of Indian
Milk Products, c/o Dairy India, A-25 Priyadarshini Vihar,
Delhi 110092; Phones: (011) 2243326, 2045681, Telefax: (011)
2243039, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
or from the website at:
or "Dairy India Yearbook" will not be held responsible for
the comments or advice given under this section. We trust
the information we have provided is useful to you.
to any specific commercial product, process, or service does
not constitute endorsement, recommendation, or preference
by "IndiaDairy.com" or by "Dairy India Yearbook"
Patel conferred Padma Bhusan
of India, Shri K R Narayanan conferred on Dr Amrita Patel,
Chairman, National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), the Padma
Bhusan at a glittering function in New Delhi in the presence
of a distinguished gathering. Dr Patel receives this award
for her contributions in the field of dairying and specially
for her role in shaping Operation Flood.
first as Managing Director and later as Chairman of NDDB,
played a pivotal role in conceiving, planning and implementing
Operation Flood - India's major dairy development programme
responsible for making the country not only self-sufficient
in milk but also the world's largest milk producer. The programme,
unparalleled in scale, scope and impact, has helped promote,
finance and rehabilitate the national dairy cooperative structure
that presently comprises over 10 million members of about
84,000 village dairy cooperative societies, affiliated to
173 district unions and 22 state dairy federations.
Patel after graduating in Veterinary Science underwent an
advanced training in Animal Nutrition at the Rowett Research
Institute in UK. Dr Patel joined Amul in 1965 and thereafter
the NDDB in 1971. Her organizing skills were demonstrated
as Secretary-General of the International Dairy Congress which
India hosted in 1974 and the setting up of India's largest
Foot-and- Mouth Disease (FMD) vaccine plant in Hyderabad (Andhra
Pradesh). She rose through the ranks of NDDB and took over
from the founder-Chairman, Dr V Kurien in 1998. She has held
several important positions, including that of Mission Director
of the Technology Mission on Dairy Development (TMDD).