Though the market for packaged sweets remains largely unorganised in India, the larger consumer trend towards packaged foods in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic has given it a boost. Mother Dairy, for instance, used to sell 3,000 kg of its milk cake per month before the pandemic, which has grown by four-five times in the last one year.
According to Rajat Tuli, senior principal, consumer and retail practice, Kearney, the market for traditional Indian sweets is sized at Rs 60,000-65,000 crore, of which organised players have only a 5-7% share. A large share of the organised market is captured by snacks brands such as Haldiram’s and Bikano, as per industry estimates. The dairy players draw less than 2% of their sales from the packaged sweets category, say sources.
Amul had reported a turnover of Rs 38,550 crore for FY20, while Mother Dairy’s revenue stood at over Rs 10,447 crore during the period.
The pandemic, however, has now presented an opportunity for these brands to expand their presence in the largely untapped segment. Amul, for instance, besides launching new products has also introduced its sweets in 300 modern trade (MT) stores. Overall, its traditional sweets portfolio is now present in 35,000 retail touchpoints.
“Currently, sweets are manufactured in 10 plants across the country and we plan to add four more plants in Delhi-NCR, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab this year,” says Jayen Mehta, senior general manager (planning and marketing), Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation, which owns the brand Amul.
Mother Dairy, too, which is eying a topline of Rs 100 crore from the category in the next three years, is expanding its focus across MT and e-commerce. Region-wise, the focus initially is on North India, where the company has 2000 retail touchpoints. It has already launched these products on BigBasket and plans to be present on other e-commerce marketplaces by the end of this year. The company has kept the pricing of its products competitive to gain market share.
“We have limited presence in this category and the aim is to draw customers and hence we are not charging any premium,” says Sanjay Sharma, business head – dairy products, Mother Dairy. According to Sharma, while its competitors are offering products like rasgulla and gulabjamun in the Rs 230-250/kg range, Mother Dairy has priced them at Rs 210-220/kg.
Experts say due to the decline in HoReCa (hotels, restaurants and cafes) sales, these brands are trying to tap the traditional sweets market, which helps them utilise the surplus milk. But the biggest impediment to their plan is likely to be the ‘lower shelf-life’ of the products.
“Though these brands are trying to increase the shelf life of traditional sweets by offering better packaging, it also increases the cost of these products,” says Tuli of Kearney. Given that these brands compete with local shops, which offer these products at much lower prices, the cost becomes crucial to their ambition of gaining market share, he adds.
According to Devangshu Dutta, CEO of retail consultancy Third Eyesight, packaged mithai has been slow to take off in the Indian market due to inconsistencies in taste as several of these products need additives to increase shelf life. Going ahead, he says, as brands work on these issues, they are set to gain ground.