Articles

Incredible Dairy India — More than Milk

As we begin the celebrations commemorating Dr Verghese Kurien’s Birth Centenary Year, let us pause for a moment to look at the significant achievements, the challenges and opportunities ahead in our dairy sector and what Dr Kurien might advise us to do.
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Milk the Opportunities — Don’t Cow Down to Challenges

A global giant in production, yet a dwarf in productivity; this is what aptly defines Indian dairy. At a milk production of 188 million metric tonnes (mmt) during 2019, we are the world leader by several miles. The second placed United States of America recorded only half of this quantity at 98.72 million metric tonnes during this period.
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Amrit Manthan in Sea of Milk

From a two-village, 247-litre-milk-a-day cooperative, Dr Verghese Kurien, a host of visionaries and a mass of hardworking farmers transformed Amul into a global leader in dairy, propelling India to the top rankings along the way. But the Indian dairy industry—production, supply chain and policy et al—needs a booster dose again.
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Let the Rivers of Milk Flow

Today, the White Revolution’s contribution to farm incomes surpasses that of the Green Revolution. Every fifth rupee generated in the farm sector — which includes the total output value of crops, livestock produce, and fisheries — comes from milk.
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Don’t allow it to be cowed down

Almost half of India’s milk, with higher solids, comes from buffaloes. Yet, this low-maintenance and efficient feed-converting animal finds little place in our dairy and livestock policy.
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Milk processing: Like its name, khoya a lost opportunity for dairies

There is huge scope for organised manufacture of this primary ingredient used in indigenous sweets.
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Indigenous livestock breeding: Deja Moo — Bringing the cows home

The opposition to importing germplasm of Gir cattle from Brazil is misplaced as well as counterproductive.
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How Dreams Turn Reality

It was this energy that was unleashed when Dr Verghese Kurien along with Shri Tribhuvandas Patel, embarked upon the journey of organising scores of small farmers who had been marginalised in the social and economic realm. The inspiring leadership of Patel and professional commitment of Dr Kurien was first manifested when the small Kaira District Cooperative Milk Producers Union, often known as Amul Dairy which had begun its journey with just two village dairy cooperative societies and 247 litres of milk in 1946 was entrusted to Dr Kurien in 1950. Miraculously, this small unknown entity started growing from strength to strength; a growth which has been consistently on the rise over the past seven decades. This 247-litre milk dairy is now a globally respected brand, owned not by any corporate bigwigs or a conglomerate of landlords but by millions of farmers who individually would be too small to matter even in their own societies but their collective cooperative strength invites grudging respect from the biggest of global dairy giants.
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The way forward in milk fortification

FSSAI and NDDB should not dismiss valid concerns over addition of micronutrients in food even if the idea is well-intentioned
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Exploring the next Milky Way to growth

Indian dairies should go in for industrial-scale production of traditional milk products for selling in both domestic and export markets
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Now, also an Aadhaar card for cattle and buffaloes

India is implementing the world’s biggest project of tagging every bovine animal that may yield huge productivity gains.
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A new ministry promises a new beginning

Animal husbandry was considered a subsidiary activity, which has changed with the Modi government now according it an independent status
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Why it is important to count India’s cows (and chickens)

The importance of a livestock census was first recognised in 1919, 47 years after human counting was started in 1872.
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Why healthy animals mean healthy humans, and how to meet that goal

As human populations expand, it results in greater contact with domestic and wild animals, providing more opportunities for diseases to pass from one to the other. 
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